|Richard D. Zanuck and David Brown , producers of Universal Pictures , had heard separately from the novel Jaws , by Peter Benchley . Brown met the writer in the fiction department of the magazine Cosmopolitan , which was then edited by his wife, Helen Gurley Brown . The editor of the literary section of the magazine wrote a short summary of his argument and concluded with the comment "could be a good movie". Both producers read the novel in one night and the next morning agreed it was "the most exciting thing that had ever read" and they wanted to produce a film version, although they were not sure how it could be done. In 1973, before the publication of the novel, rights bought by 175 000 U.S. dollars (USD and up). Brown said that if he had read the book twice never produced the film because he would have realized how difficult it would be to execute certain sequences. |
To direct the adaptation, Zanuck and Brown initially considered the veteran filmmaker John Sturges , whose curriculum included a maritime adventure, The Old Man and the Sea - before offering the job to Dick Richards , who the year before had directed his first film, Courage , sweat and gunpowder . However, the producers ended irritated by Richards's habit of describing as a whale shark and soon abandoned the project who wanted Steven Spielberg . In 26 years, had directed his first film for cinema, Sugarland , producing Zanuck and Brown. At the end of a meeting in his office, Spielberg took a copy of the still unpublished novel by Benchley and was immediately captivated. later observed that was similar to his 1971 TV movie, Duel , because in both stories' these Leviathans attack anyone ". After the departure of Richards of the project, the producers hired Spielberg, who signed in June 1973, before the release of Sugarland. However, before they threw out walking the production, Spielberg began to have doubts about the project for fear of being typecast as "the director of the truck and the shark '. He wanted to run in place of Lucky Lady Adventurers of 20th Century Fox , but Universal exercised their right under contract with the director to prevent his departure. Brown tried to convince Spielberg to continue with the film, saying that "after [Shark], you can do all the movies you want". The film received an estimated budget of 3.5 million dollars and filming within fifty-five days. We planned to start filming in May 1974 and the end of the filming Universal sought in late June when the contract expired the producer with the Screen Actors Guild and thereby avoid any disruption due to a strike.